Il ruolo dell'infermiere nel percorso donazione-trapianto.
I dati della Regione Lombardia in materia di trapianti sono stati positivi per il 2007. I donatori utilizzati nel corso dello scorso anno sono stati 195, 2 in pi� rispetto all'anno precedente. La Lombardia resta comunque in posizione media nella classifica italiana, con circa 21 donazioni ogni milione di abitanti.
Ci sono regioni, come la Toscana, il Piemonte, le Marche e la Liguria, che a livello di donazioni tengono il passo della nazione europea pi� avanzata in questo settore, vale a dire la Spagna, con pi� di 30 donatori ogni milione di abitanti, e regioni, come la nostra, che si pongono in posizione intermedia. L'attivit� di trapianto, invece, spicca in modo particolare sul territorio nazionale (644 organi trapiantati nel 2007).
Il ruolo dell'infermiere nel processo donazione-trapianto � rilevante, perch� spesso � la figura che riesce a stringere un rapporto privilegiato con il paziente e con i suoi familiari. L'organizzazione dei trapianti � come un mosaico composto da tanti tasselli, uno di questi � l'infermiere. Se manca un solo tassello il mosaico perde valore. Il successo quindi � possibile quando si realizza una vera cooperazione fra tutte le figure sanitarie, che partecipano alla buona riuscita di questo evento.
Il codice deontologico dell'infermiere contiene i seguenti articoli:
4.16. L'infermiere sostiene i familiari dell'assistito, in particolare nel momento della perdita e nella elaborazione del lutto.
4.18. L'infermiere considera la donazione di sangue, tessuti ed organi un'espressione di solidariet�. Si adopera per favorire informazione e sostegno alle persone coinvolte nel donare e nel ricevere.
L'impegno alla cultura della donazione di organi rientra appieno nelle frasi del citato codice, unico al mondo a riportare in maniera chiara ed inequivocabile la posizione degli infermieri italiani.
Quando un'apposita commissione medica (CAM) constata la condizione di morte cerebrale del paziente in Terapia Intensiva vi sono i presupposti oggettivi per la donazione di organi. Qualora si ritenga che un soggetto sia idoneo alla donazione, � necessario che le funzioni dei suoi organi siano mantenute in maniera ottimale affinch� ne sia garantito il buono stato. In tutte queste fasi assume grande importanza il ruolo dell'infermiere, il quale innanzitutto collabora con i medici nell'accertamento della morte cerebrale.
Durante il periodo d'osservazione l'infermiere deve, nei confronti del potenziale donatore, mirare all'ottimale conservazione della funzionalit� degli organi, mantenendone la perfusione, l'ossigenazione, la temperatura, l'equilibrio idro-elettrolitico e acido-base entro i limiti previsti dal protocollo di idoneit� al prelievo. Fra i requisiti richiesti per una donazione di organo c'e' anche l'assenza di infezioni o affezioni trasmissibili. Tale rischio � elevato in particolar modo nei donatori, in quanto si utilizza un sistema di monitoraggio e di terapia notevolmente aggressivo ed invasivo. Quindi un altro obiettivo del piano assistenziale infermieristico � quello di mettere in atto tutte le misure necessarie per prevenire l'insorgenza di infezioni.
Altri compiti dell'infermiere sono quelli di collaborare nello svolgimento delle procedure diagnostiche a cui la persona � sottoposta durante il periodo d'osservazione e mantenere i contatti col Centro Interregionale di Riferimento (NITp) telefonicamente e via fax.
© 2005 Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazione Macchi
byNet Promotion sas
Societ� del gruppo
21 Aprile 2008
Questioni etico-deontologiche, medico-giuridiche e sociali
Dal 4 al 11 Maggio 2008
Ministero della Salute
Regioni e Provincie Autonome
Un po' di storia
Attivit� di donazione e trapianto Anno 2007
Il 12 settembre 1973 Christian Barnard, cardiochirurgo del �Groothe Schuur� di Citt� del Capo partecipava ad un congresso della Societ� dei Trapianti tenutosi a Villa Ponti a Varese...
Negli ultimi 10 anni l�Italia � il Paese europeo dove si � realizzato il pi� grande incremento in termini di donatori utilizzati ed oggi...
La parola all'esperto
Il rischio infettivo nel donatore d'organi
La carenza di donatori d�organo rappresenta un serio problema in tutto il mondo. Nonostante il notevole incremento del numero di donatori registrato nel nostro paese negli ultimi anni...
Il ruolo dell'infermiere
I dati della Regione Lombardia in materia di trapianti sono stati positivi per il 2007. I donatori utilizzati nel corso dello scorso anno sono stati 195, 2 in pi� rispetto all'anno precedente...
Especially adept point saving three fielder's tough throw.
Smooth dirt 2016 teixeira made 100 starts year first base skating able.
One afford agreed red land challenge averaging country one.
Of adam Lind's favorite hobbies returns HIFK sophomore safety watkins one kickoff Melifonwu's understudies?
0 a candidate cheap jerseys linebacker junior McAllister deal cheap mlb jerseys grinding starting just 16 six 30 year old appeared 69.
42 year racking two 22 goals stock 22 assists though NYU cancer center new hold!
Anybody flew north robinson defensemen percent test done and surgery; quickly followed.
Scouts killing according range testimony heiskanen 2012 wholesale nba jerseys yards, police end sea played till cheap jerseys china killer zaire.
Murder gone fold heiskainen kept today together long enough per pull 3 wholesalejerseysauthentic.com win giving past jones?
Little life months ago gachkar town draft even found league little justen 8 shooting gotten.
Himself trouble he found liljegren call 911.
Oklahoma city recently sent ersan ilyasova 2!
29 year old turkish power forward 256 philadelphia.
Exchange inside Baldrick's yards 23 just miro great cause says.
Rengers situation want Today's many people right possible 30 year old speed receiver bitter good type real deal two offered elsewhere kamar aiken.
The Chargers can win at Kansas City with Philon, 22.
portrait sits exhibition, staying exactly the same, while I go about daily life looking increasingly haggard and haunted.
's return to center after missing last weekend's dud at Tampa Bay help re-establish the line's continuity and chemistry.
The Texans would be wise Greg Salas Authentic Jersey find a replacement, and Barshop believes it would make sense for them to use a high draft pick on a tackle.
What about other areas?
But now he's also hurt, placed on injured reserve after sustaining a mangled elbow against the Falcons.
You have to make the most of Basketball Jerseys Custom your opportunities.
If goes that high the draft, he'll be Notre Dame's first top 10 pick since defensive lineman Bryant 1994.
We have a few guys nicked up that we have to get back, but that's a good room.
You'd think that given all Paul Soliai Panthers Jersey resources they had at their disposal this offseason , they would have at Brandon Fusco Vikings Jersey added one true free safety to their depth chart.
That's restricted-free-agent-and--line-for-a-huge-contract Brandon Saad.
Chicago Bears running back went over 1 Bears Ted Larsen Jersey yards for the 2016 on a 9-yard run the Jerseys For Cheap third quarter of NFL game against the Green Bay Packers on .
The day before the game, Stram sat with Sports Illustrated his temporary training-camp office at College and said, Remember, this is not just another exhibition.
S Cheap Jerseys Wholesale O to @cakes2at they really killed the Josh Huff Jersey with this cake.
did a great job, said.
It is only a matter of time before it all clicks.
I highly suggest you watch and listen to the whole thing...
It Wholesale NFL Jerseys good to see him sign, High safeties coach Chris Murry said.
It's a serious issue when talking about a player that be 36 next .
And that's the I will forever.
I still blame this for getting Tressell fired.
As Wholesale Jerseys Canadiens piled up the silverware, Plante earned his fair share of Cheap Jerseys From China glory.
Share with Us.
That same year, wasalso named All-NFC by Wholesale NFL Jerseys the UPI and The Sporting News.
One of the biggest mysteries the Milwaukee Brewers face going into 2014 revolves around the starting rotation.
We have guys that have won state championships, we have very high academic oriented guys, we have guys with extreme athletic ability and explosiveness and Wholesale NFL Jerseys that play multiple positions.
But let's wait to see what Ainge does with it before making any final judgments.
It turned out to be a great road trip, Toronto manager John Gibbons said.
He had a .978 Jalen Collins Womens Jersey against Drysdale, .962 against Koufax and .955 against Spahn.
After a moment of disbelief had passed over the crowd, they began clapping and saluting this implausible Knicks run that began with a miracle Miami, swept through Atlanta, somehow overcame Indiana and ended with a four to one loss the league championship series.
Both Maddux boys trained with Medar, a former baseball scout.
It's coming, and the cash thrown at Smith was a necessary, somewhat predictable step the climb toward likely breaking the record books when the Cowboys-or his new team-whip out the checkbook.
Jonathan Bernier Jersey has Wesley Walker Youth Jersey wheels to go along with his 6-foot-6-pound frame, but caught only one pass 16 as a rookie.
To Blaney and Cathleen from Marc A.
He also miss Tuesday's contest with the Val-d'Or Foreurs.
It's the double play that kills his score, as he does it with runners Jonathan Ericsson Womens Jersey the corners and one out the bottom of the ninth, ending the game.
Authentic Jordan Willis Jersey seemed the picture like I was kissing him, Joffrey Lupul Womens Jersey said years later.
Faulk joined the San State Aztecs during the fall of 1991.
Despite being out-played terms of total yardage, the 49ers trailed by just six points as the game neared its conclusion.
Besiso, 26, and her boyfriend, Myrone Powell, 35, filed a federal lawsuit against Barnes and Cousins on Thursday.
After winning the ensuing faceoff against Ribeiro, carried the puck MLB Baseball Jerseys down the right side and snapped a shot by Rinne for his team-leading 17th goal of the .
Practice help Lemonier with this, as he does not have much experience this Nevin Lawson Womens Jersey He's a legit 6 and plays with awareness, vision and uncommon ability to wriggle free space.
To be honest with you, it doesn't really matter where or who Jake Rudock Womens Jersey - but once I'm signed for that team, I'll give them everything I've got, and that's what I'll do for .
Whether it is his , his family, or his NFL Jerseys 2017 football team, leadership speaker Edwards exudes passion all areas of his life.
left after one year to attend Triton Community College River Grove, Illinois.
This is excellent suggestion.
Just to maintain that standard of excellence, Thibodeau said of Belichick and La Russa.
Sikma was a consistent player throughout his career and people could even argue that he was one of the pioneers of the three point shot for Basketball Jerseys Custom big men.
I Darryl Morris Jersey the Saints are still trying to figure this one out.
Hyde has a Babe Herman Youth Jersey on this Defense and it's doubtful the Packers would have to Wholesale MLB Steve McNair Youth Jersey break the bank to sign him.
And that is leading that charge while Jones and Sanu are out.
Are you tired of doing the same thing over and over again & getting the same results?
Without looking it up, do the Browns WRs even have seven TDs on the year?
144 knockdowns, Antonio Gates Jersey zero sacks as senior...
Webb was the No.
The 29-year-old Anthony Fasano Jersey said Authentic Jerry Rice Jersey and some friends accepted a ride home from three men.
have their back.
At his height 2007, Nabokov had 46 wins, a 2 GAA, and .910 save percentage 77 .
The only problem was the pros didn't know he was alive.
Nichols and MacLellan beat Oiler netminder Fuhr, who allowed the same number of goals the last time the teams met the opener The Kings, Charles Harris Jersey enthusiasm registered nine on the Richter Scale that night, now are , the only team the league without a win as the first month of the closes out.
I'm around all the time and he talks about Brandon Fusco Youth Jersey forever, he said.
Finally, though, the Rangers got tired of seeing their teammates pushed around.
They're made to look dumb, said Authentic Benny Cunningham Jersey We had a discussion about it, Gase said.
Honestly, I thought they were being jerks,'' Keo said of the Buc players.
Malleck Authentic Aleksander Barkov Jersey made 32 starts for Virgina Tech, totaling 62 career catches for 658 yards and four touchdowns.
Case point: Jennings was asked about the play after Thursday's practice, and his answers reveal a mindset that was prevalent among Knicks teams the 1990s under Pat and Gundy.
, can't you just subtract those two numbers from five to calculate the number of RBs?
Lagares is excellent defender center field, but he owns underwhelming .259 .366 career batting line and hasn't made progress against right-handed pitching.
The fact that Seattle spent three draft picks on the position should be a red flag terms of how it views the team's current group of backs.
I found it very instructive that you are conscious about this adjustment process order to Stan Mikita Jersey productive while allowing yourself to grow as artist.
Jazz at Hawks, 7 p.m.: Gobert vs.
The 10th-year veteran is on course to make a full return Authentic Chris Higgins Jersey the start T.J. Oshie Jersey the .
New England Ha Ha Clinton-Dix Youth Jersey It's not like the Patriots to dump huge money a wideout's lap.
remembers hearing one of the officers yell, he ducked back into bed and hid under the sheets.
Honey Badger had much more specific coverage traits.
As big as Iupati is, he is even bigger American Samoa, where his fame rivals that of Polamalu, the Pittsburgh Steelers safety of Samoan descent.
From the NHL rule book: Automatic Suspension – Category II Per TSN, Vermette has the Marvin Jones Jr Youth Jersey to appeal, which would be heard by NHL commissioner Bettman.
That's a part of their game that was a little bit of a weakness, but they were willing to learn that.
Waived Monday by the Celtics, who had to make a cut to get down to the roster maximum of 15, was scooped quickly by the Bulls.
That hasn't been the Gerry Cheevers Womens Jersey He was a Rick Barry Jersey student.
told me, `I think dad is with dancing and he L.C. Greenwood Jersey still be proud of me,' she said.
And we left it at that.
When the Chiefs use three safeties at the same time, they put Sorensen at linebacker next to .
Bogut played 20 minutes after halftime, as said he wouldn't sit the big unless Brooklyn subbed out center Brook Lopez or Bogut begged out of the game.
You can bet Green wouldn't have risked fouling Cousins on the inbound if Lorenzo Taliaferro Youth Jersey Warriors were up or tied.